Top Python Coding Interview Questions and Answers for Beginners


May 17, 2023
Top Python Coding Interview Questions and Answers

Python is a widely used programming language that is recognized for its straightforwardness, flexibility, and accessibility for learners. It is widely used in various industries, including web development, data science, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. Python developers are in high demand, and if you're a beginner, you might be wondering what kind of questions you could expect in a Python coding interview. 

What is Python?

Python is a popular programming language that was developed in the late 1980s by Guido van Rossum. It is an interpreted, high-level language widely used in software development, data analysis, and artificial intelligence.It is designed to be easy to read, write, and maintain, with a syntax that emphasizes code readability. Python is an open-source language that is available for free and runs on multiple platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

Python Basics

1. What is a variable?

A variable is a named reference to a value that can be changed during the program's execution. In Python, you don't need to declare a variable explicitly; you can assign a value to a variable directly. 

2. What distinguishes a list from a tuple?

Both lists and tuples are sequences of values, but they have some differences. A list is a mutable sequence, which means you can add, remove, or modify its elements. On the other hand, a tuple is an immutable sequence, which means you cannot change its elements once it's created.

3. What is a dictionary in Python?

A dictionary is a data structure that stores key-value pairs in an unsorted manner. Each key in a dictionary is unique and corresponds to a single value. In other programming languages, dictionaries are referred to as associative arrays or maps. In Python, you can create a dictionary using curly braces {} or the dict() constructor.

Functions and Modules

1. What are functions in Python?

A function is a block of code that performs a specific task and can be reused throughout the program. Functions help to modularize code and make it more readable and maintainable. In Python, you can define a function using the def keyword, followed by the function name, and a set of parentheses that may contain arguments.

Here's an example of a function in Python:


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def greet(name): print("Hello, " + name + "!") greet("John")

2. What are modules in Python?

A module is a file containing Python definitions and statements that can be imported into other Python programs. Modules help to organize code and avoid naming conflicts. You can create your modules or use existing ones from the Python Standard Library or third-party packages.

Here's an example of how to import a module in Python:


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import math print(math.pi)

Object-Oriented Programming

1. What is Object-Oriented Programming?

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is a programming approach that utilizes objects to symbolize real-life entities as well as their interconnections. OOP provides encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism as its main features. Python is an object-oriented language that supports OOP concepts.

2. What are classes and objects in Python?

In Python, a class serves as a template or a blueprint for creating objects. It consists of a collection of attributes and methods that specify the properties and actions of an object. An object is an instance of a class that contains specific values for its attributes.

3. What is inheritance in Python?

Inheritance is a feature of object-oriented programming that allows you to define a new class based on an existing class. When creating a new class, it is possible to include both the existing class's attributes and methods, as well as introduce new attributes and methods specific to the new class. In Python, you can define a new class that inherits from an existing class by placing the name of the existing class in parentheses after the new class name.

4. What is polymorphism in Python?

Polymorphism is a key aspect of object-oriented programming which enables objects belonging to different classes to be treated as if they belong to the same type. This is accomplished through inheritance and method overriding. In Python, you can use polymorphism to write code that can work with objects of different classes without knowing their specific types.


Python is a highly popular programming language with extensive use cases ranging from web development to data analysis and machine learning. If you're a beginner in Python, it's essential to understand the basics of the language, such as variables, data types, control flow statements, functions, modules, and object-oriented programming. By mastering these concepts and practicing coding, you can build a strong foundation in Python and prepare for coding interviews.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q.What are the most common Python coding interview questions?

A.Some common Python coding interview questions include string manipulation, list manipulation, recursion, sorting algorithms, binary trees, and dynamic programming.

Q.What are some common data structures and algorithms in Python?

A.Some common data structures and algorithms in Python include lists, dictionaries, sets, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, graphs, sorting algorithms, searching algorithms, and dynamic programming.

Q.What is the best way to improve my Python coding skills?

A.The best way to improve your Python coding skills is to practice coding regularly, work on coding challenges and problems, read and study Python code written by experienced developers, and participate in coding communities and forums.

Q.How can I stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments in Python?

A.To stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments in Python, you can read Python blogs, follow Python experts and influencers on social media, attend Python conferences and events, and contribute to open-source Python projects.

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