The Most Common Python Interview Questions and Answers


Mar 31, 2023
The Most Common Python Interview Questions and Answers

Python is a high-level programming language which is known for simplicity, readability, and versatility. It's used in a wide variety of industries, including web development, data science, and artificial intelligence. Because of its popularity, it's become a staple in technical interviews, and you may be asked several questions to assess your Python skills.

In this article, we'll go over some of the most common Python interview questions and provide you with the answers you need to feel confident going into your interview.

What is Python?

Python is a high-level programming language it was first released in 1991. It's an interpreted language, meaning that it doesn't need to be compiled before it's executed. Python is known for its simplicity and readability, which makes it a popular choice for beginners and experts alike. Python is also versatile and can be used for a variety of tasks, from web development to data analysis.

Why do you think Python is popular?

Python's popularity can be attributed to several factors. First, it's easy to learn and use, even for beginners. Python has a simple and intuitive syntax that makes it easy to read and write. Second, Python has a large and active community that provides support and resources for users. Third, Python has a wide range of applications, from web development to data science and machine learning.

What are the differences between list and tuple in Python?

Lists and tuples are both used to store sequences of data in Python, but there are some key differences between them. Lists are mutable, meaning they can be changed, while tuples are immutable, meaning they can't be changed. Additionally, lists are created with square brackets [], while tuples are created with parentheses ().

What is a dictionary in Python?

A dictionary in Python is a collection of key-value pairs, where each key is unique. Dictionaries are created with curly braces {} and can be accessed by their keys.

What is the difference between a shallow copy and a deep copy in Python?

In Python, a shallow copy of an object creates a new object with the same references to objects in the original. A deep copy, on the other hand, creates a new object with new references to objects in the original.

What is a lambda function in Python?

A lambda function is a small, anonymous function that can take any number of arguments, but can only have one expression. Lambda functions are commonly used in Python as a way to create quick, throwaway functions that don't need to be defined elsewhere in your code.

How do you handle errors in Python?

In Python, errors are handled using try and except blocks. The try block contains the code that might raise an error, and the except block contains the code to be executed if an error is raised.

What is the use of the init method in Python?

The init method in Python is a special method that is called when an object is created. It's often used to initialize instance variables.

What is the use of a decorator in Python?

A decorator is a function that takes another function as its argument and returns a modified version of that function. Decorators are commonly used in Python to modify the behaviour of functions or classes without changing their source code.


Python is a versatile and popular programming language used in various industries, leading to its inclusion in many technical interviews. Understanding the basics of Python, data structures, functions, error handling, and decorators are crucial for acing Python interviews. By familiarising yourself with the most common Python interview questions and practising your responses, you can feel confident and prepared for your next interview.

Frequently asked Questions (FAQs) 

Q: What is the best way to prepare for a Python interview?

A: The best way to prepare for a Python interview is to practice coding, review common Python interview questions, and be familiar with Python libraries and frameworks relevant to the job you're applying for.

Q: Is knowledge of data structures important for a Python interview?

A: Yes, knowledge of data structures such as lists, tuples, dictionaries, and sets is crucial for a Python interview as they are widely used in Python programming.

Q: Can you explain the difference between Python 2 and Python 3?

A: Python 2 and Python 3 are two major versions of the Python programming language. Python 3 is the newer version and has some significant differences from Python 2, including changes in syntax and new features. It's important to be familiar with the version of Python being used in the interview.

Q: How important is error handling in Python?

A: Error handling is a critical aspect of Python programming, and being able to handle errors using try and except blocks is a fundamental skill that interviewers may test for.

Q: Is it necessary to know libraries such as NumPy and Pandas for a Python interview?

A: It depends on the job you're applying for. If the job involves data science or analysis, knowledge of libraries like NumPy and Pandas is crucial. Otherwise, it may not be necessary, but it's still beneficial to have knowledge of widely used libraries in the Python community.

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