React Coding Interview Questions and Answers for Technical Job Seekers in 2023


May 17, 2023
React Coding Interview Questions and Answers for

React is a JavaScript library developed by Facebook for building user interfaces. It uses a component-based approach to building web applications, which makes it easy to manage and maintain complex UIs. React also uses a virtual DOM, which improves performance by minimizing the number of actual DOM updates required.

If you're looking for a React developer role in 2023, then you need to be well-prepared for the coding interview process.

Basic React Concepts

What is React and what are its key features?

1. Component-based architecture

2. Virtual DOM

3. Declarative syntax

4. JSX (a syntax extension for JavaScript)

What is JSX and how does it work in React?

JSX is a syntax extension for JavaScript that allows you to write HTML-like syntax within your JavaScript code. It makes it easier to write and read code in React by allowing you to define your UI elements within your JavaScript code.

JSX works by converting the HTML-like syntax into JavaScript function calls, which are then executed to render the UI elements.

What is the virtual DOM and how does it improve performance in React?

The virtual DOM is a lightweight representation of the actual DOM. When a React component is updated, React updates the virtual DOM instead of directly manipulating the actual DOM. React then compares the previous virtual DOM to the updated virtual DOM to determine the minimum number of changes required to update the actual DOM.

This approach minimizes the number of actual DOM updates required, which improves performance and makes React applications faster.

What is a React component and how do you create one?

A React component is a reusable piece of code that represents a part of the user interface. It can be a simple UI element like a button or a more complex UI element like a form. Components are the building blocks of React applications.

What are the different types of React components and when would you use each one?

There are two types of React components: class-based components and functional components. Class-based components are created using a class keyword and extend the React.Component class. They are used when you need to manage state or lifecycle methods.

Functional components are created using a function and are used when you don't need to manage state or lifecycle methods. They are simpler and easier to read and write than class-based components.

React Lifecycle Methods

What are React lifecycle methods and how do they work?

React lifecycle methods are methods that are called at specific points during the lifecycle of a component. They allow you to perform certain actions when a component is created, updated, or destroyed. Here are some of the most commonly used lifecycle methods:

1. componentDidMount(): Called after the component has been rendered to the DOM. It's used to fetch data or start timers.

2. componentDidUpdate(): Called after the component has been updated. It's used to perform side effects or update state based on props or state changes.

3. componentWillUnmount(): Called before the component is removed from the DOM. It's used to clean up resources like timers or event listeners.

What is the difference between componentDidMount() and componentWillMount()?

componentDidMount() is called after the component has been rendered to the DOM, while componentWillMount() is called before the component is rendered to the DOM. componentWillMount() is rarely used because it's called before the component is fully initialized, so it's not safe to access state or props in this method.

What is the purpose of shouldComponentUpdate()?

shouldComponentUpdate() is a lifecycle method that allows you to control whether a component should update or not. It's called before the component is updated and receives the new props and state as arguments. By default, React will re-render a component whenever its props or state change. However, sometimes you may want to optimize performance by preventing unnecessary re-renders. In this case, you can use shouldComponentUpdate() to compare the current props and state with the next props and state and return a boolean indicating whether the component should update.

What is the difference between controlled and uncontrolled components in React?

Controlled components are components that are fully controlled by React. This means that their state is controlled by React and they only update when React updates their state. Controlled components receive their values from their props, and their values are updated by calling a function passed as a prop.

Uncontrolled components are components that have their own internal state and are not fully controlled by React. This means that their state is managed by the browser and can be accessed and modified directly. Uncontrolled components use refs to access their internal state and update it.

How do you handle errors in React?

React provides an error boundary API that allows you to catch and handle errors that occur in a component's child tree. An error boundary is a higher-order component that wraps other components and catches any errors that occur in them. You can then use this error boundary to display a fallback UI or log the error.


React is a powerful and popular framework for building web applications. In this article, we covered some of the most commonly asked React coding interview questions and provided answers and examples. By understanding these concepts and techniques, you'll be better prepared for technical job interviews and be able to build more robust and performant React applications.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: What is the difference between React and React Native?

Answer: React is a JavaScript library used for building web applications, while React Native is a framework used for building mobile applications for iOS and Android using React syntax.

Q: What is the purpose of Redux in a React application?

Answer: Redux is a state management library that provides a centralized way to manage state in a React application. It helps simplify the management of complex state and enables better debugging and testing.

Q: What is the Virtual DOM in React?

Answer: The Virtual DOM is an abstraction of the real DOM that React uses to optimize performance. It allows React to update only the parts of the DOM that need to be updated, rather than updating the entire DOM every time there is a change.

Q: How do you optimize the performance of a React application?

Answer: There are several ways to optimize the performance of a React application, including reducing the number of re-renders, using the Virtual DOM, optimizing images and other assets, and using lazy loading and code splitting.

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