Object-Oriented Programming with Abstract Class in Java for Faridabad Coders


Apr 13, 2023
Object-Oriented Programming with Abstract Class in Java
Java is a popular programming language that allows developers to write code in an object-oriented manner. One of the key concepts of object-oriented programming is the use of classes, which are templates for creating objects. In this article, we will discuss abstract classes in Java and their importance in object-oriented programming. This article is specifically written for Faridabad coders who want to learn more about object-oriented programming with abstract classes in Java.

Object-Oriented Programming

Before we dive into abstract classes, let's first understand what object-oriented programming is. Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that focuses on objects rather than functions. In OOP, developers create objects that have properties (attributes) and behaviors (methods). These objects interact with each other to solve a particular problem or perform a specific task. The main advantages of OOP are code reusability, encapsulation, and modularity.

Understanding Classes in Java

In Java, a class is a blueprint or a template for creating objects. A class can have variables, methods, constructors, and nested classes. The syntax for creating a class is as follows:

public class ClassName { // Class variables // Constructors // Methods }

The public keyword makes the class visible to other classes in the same package or in other packages.

What is an Abstract Class?

An abstract class in Java is a class that cannot be instantiated. That means you cannot create objects of an abstract class. Instead, you can only create objects of its concrete subclasses. Abstract classes are used to provide a common template or a blueprint for a set of related classes.

An abstract class can have abstract methods, concrete methods, variables, and constructors. An abstract method is a method without a body, which means that the implementation of the method is left to its concrete subclasses. A concrete method, on the other hand, has a body and can be inherited by its subclasses.

Creating an Abstract Class in Java

To create an abstract class in Java, you need to use the abstract keyword before the class name. Here's an example:

public abstract class Vehicle { // Class variables // Constructors public abstract void start(); public void stop() { // Concrete method } }

In the example above, Vehicle is an abstract class that has one abstract method (start()) and one concrete method (stop()). Any class that extends Vehicle must implement the start() method.

Benefits of Using Abstract Classes

1. Code Reusability

Abstract classes provide a common template or a blueprint for a set of related classes. This makes it easier to reuse code across different classes and projects.

2. Abstraction

Abstract classes can be used to abstract away the implementation details of a set of related classes. This makes the code easier to understand and maintain.

3. Polymorphism

Abstract classes can be used to achieve polymorphism in Java. Polymorphism allows you to treat objects of different classes as if they are objects of the same class.

4. Flexibility

Abstract classes provide a level of flexibility that cannot be achieved with concrete classes. Abstract classes allow you to define a set of methods that must be implemented by its subclasses, while allowing the subclasses to provide their own implementation.

Why choose Faridabad?

  • Faridabad is a rapidly developing city with a growing tech industry.

  • The city has a number of prestigious educational institutions, including engineering colleges that offer courses in computer science and information technology.

  • The cost of living in Faridabad is lower than in some other major Indian cities, making it an attractive option for professionals looking to settle down.

  • The city is well-connected to other parts of India, with good transport links to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore.

  • There are many opportunities for coders in Faridabad, with a number of startups and established tech companies based in the city.

  • The city has a large pool of talented and skilled professionals in the tech industry, making it a hub for innovation and creativity.

  • Faridabad is home to a number of co-working spaces, incubators, and accelerators that provide support to startups and entrepreneurs.

  • The city has a thriving community of coders and developers who regularly organize meetups, hackathons, and other events to share knowledge and network.

  • Faridabad is a safe and peaceful city, with a low crime rate compared to other major Indian cities. This makes it an ideal place to live and work for professionals in the tech industry.

  • The city has a rich cultural heritage and a vibrant arts scene, with a number of museums, art galleries, and theaters that provide opportunities for entertainment and leisure.

  • Faridabad is located close to major tourist destinations in North India, including the Taj Mahal in Agra and the hill stations of Uttarakhand, making it an ideal base for weekend getaways and travel.


In this article, we discussed abstract classes in Java and their importance in object-oriented programming. We also discussed the benefits of using abstract classes, such as code reusability, abstraction, polymorphism, and flexibility. By understanding abstract classes, you can. By understanding abstract classes, you can improve your code organization and make your code more flexible and scalable. As a Faridabad coder, it's important to have a strong understanding of object-oriented programming and abstract classes in Java, as they are widely used in the  Faridabad industry.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: What is the difference between an abstract class and an interface in Java?

A: An interface is a collection of abstract methods and constants that can be implemented by any class. An abstract class is a class that cannot be instantiated and can have both abstract and concrete methods.

Q: Can an abstract class have constructors in Java?

A: Yes, an abstract class can have constructors in Java. However, the constructors cannot be used to create objects of the abstract class.

Q: How do you implement an abstract method in a subclass in Java?

A: To implement an abstract method in a subclass, you need to provide a body for the method in the subclass. If the subclass does not implement all the abstract methods of the abstract class, then the subclass must also be declared as abstract.

Q: Can an abstract class extend another abstract class in Java?

A: Yes, an abstract class can extend another abstract class in Java. This is useful when you want to create a hierarchy of abstract classes.

Perfect eLearning is a tech-enabled education platform that provides IT courses with 100% Internship and Placement support. Perfect eLearning provides both Online classes and Offline classes only in Faridabad.

It provides a wide range of courses in areas such as Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing, Data Science, Digital Marketing, Full Stack Web Development, Block Chain, Data Analytics, and Mobile Application Development. Perfect eLearning, with its cutting-edge technology and expert instructors from Adobe, Microsoft, PWC, Google, Amazon, Flipkart, Nestle and Info edge is the perfect place to start your IT education.

Perfect eLearning in Faridabad provides the training and support you need to succeed in today's fast-paced and constantly evolving tech industry, whether you're just starting out or looking to expand your skill set.

There's something here for everyone. Perfect eLearning provides the best online courses as well as complete internship and placement assistance.

Keep Learning, Keep Growing.

If you are confused and need Guidance over choosing the right programming language or right career in the tech industry, you can schedule a free counselling session with Perfect eLearning experts.

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