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How to start your Journey as an Ethical Hacker in 2022?

12.02.2022

Today, it is critical to safeguard the sensitive information held on electronic devices such as computers, smartphones, and tablets. Ethical hacking can be an effective tool against hackers and cyber attackers in this area.

It is critical to secure security in such scenarios as the globe becomes a single global village and much of official work (private and public) is done through computers and information systems. All required documents, information, and data are now stored on a computer that is well-protected. As a result, cyber security and ethical hacking professionals are in great demand to protect sensitive data from hackers and design new computers to safeguard the system.

Before we go into how to become an ethical hacker, let's have a look at what the profession entails.


Hacking?
Hacking is an attempt to gain access to a computer system or a computer's private network. It is simply unlawful access to or control of computer network security systems with the purpose of committing a crime.

In computer language, however, we refer to them as white hats, black hats, and gray hats. White hat hackers employ hacking to evaluate their own security systems and make them more hacker-proof. They are virtually often linked to the same business.

Hackers known as "black hats" attempt to obtain control of a system for personal gain. They are capable of destroying, stealing, and even preventing authorized users from accessing the system. They accomplish this by identifying system flaws and loopholes.

"Grey hat" hackers are those who are fascinated by computers and have just enough computer language skills to break into a system and look for security weaknesses. Gray hats vary from black hats in that the former informs the network system's administrator of vulnerabilities discovered in the system, while the latter is only interested in personal gain.

White hat” hacking also known as ethical hacking, involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer system, application, or data. An aspect of carrying out an ethical hack involves replicating the techniques and behaviors of hostile attackers. An aspect of carrying out an ethical hack involves replicating the techniques and behaviors of hostile attackers.

Ethical hackers improve the system and network security by employing various hacking techniques to find and patch flaws. This method eliminates the system's flaws and makes it considerably more powerful.

Skills needed to become Ethical Hacker
If you wish to pursue a profession as an ethical hacker, you'll need to develop patience. You can't expect to get a high-ranking job and significant pay right away, just like in any other sector, but there is tremendous potential to attain both in a short period of time!
On that topic, let's take a look at some of the skills that an IT expert will need in 2022 in order to become an ethical hacker.

1. Networking Capabilities
You'll need networking skills to become an ethical hacker. A computer network is just a collection of hosts that are connected via multiple pathways to send and receive data. Ethical hackers will be able to comprehend the numerous associated machines within a network, as well as any potential hazards they may represent, in addition to comprehending DHCP, Supernetting, Subnetting, and other terms.

2. Expertise in Linux
Linux is a community of open-source, Unix-based operating systems based on the Linux OS kernel. Anyone can edit and distribute the source code, commercially or non-commercially, under the GNU Public License. Linux is the best operating system for ethical hackers since it provides more security than any other.

3. Programming expertise
To become an ethical hacker, you'll need to know how to code. But, in the world of computers, what exactly does programming imply? It entails writing code that can be interpreted by a computing device and used to carry out a number of tasks. So, if you want to improve your programming skills, you'll need to create a lot of code!

Furthermore, the initial step in writing code is to select the appropriate programming language. The most popular programming languages used by ethical hackers are listed below.

Python, JavaScript, SQL, C, C++, PHP, Perl, Java, Ruby

4. Database Management System Expertise (DBMS)
All databases are created and managed using a database management system (DBMS). Access to a database containing all of the company's data can put the company at risk, so it must be hacker-proof. To assist the firm in developing a comprehensive database management system, an ethical hacker must comprehend this as well as various database engines, and schemas.

5. Hardware Fundamentals
The processor, monitor, mouse, input device, hard drive, video card, audio card, speakers, and mainboard are all examples of hardware in a computer. Software is a set of instructions that hardware stores and executes. Consider the possibility of breaking into computer-controlled equipment. To do so, they must first comprehend the machine.

Finally, they must gain access to the machine's control computer. Although the machine will now have a strong software security system, hackers are unconcerned about hardware security, so if they gain access to the hardware, they can play with it. You can't understand how the motherboard works, how USBs carry data, how CMOS and BIOS interact, etc... unless you understand hardware.

6. Reverse Engineering
Reverse engineering is the process of determining a product's design, needs, and functionality through analyzing its code. Information is generated as a result of this analysis. The purpose of a reverse engineering effort is to make a system more understandable and to create the necessary documentation to make maintenance easier.
In software security, reverse engineering is frequently done to ensure that the system is free of severe security flaws or vulnerabilities. As a result, a system is more robust and hence less vulnerable to hacker and spyware attacks. Some developers, as the last option, hack their own systems to find weaknesses - a technique known as ethical hacking.

7. Computer Proficiency
The knowledge and ability to operate computers and related technology is referred to as computer skill. Data processing, maintaining computer files, and producing presentations are all part of a fundamental grasp of computers. Advanced computer skills include database management, programming, and spreadsheet calculations, to name a few.

MS Office, Spreadsheets, Email, Database Management, social media, Web, and Enterprise Systems skills are required. Hackers that are ethical must be computer savvy.

Ethical Hacking job Roles
Cybersecurity includes ethical hacking. There are numerous job options available in this subject. Some of the most profitable employment roles in this industry are listed below.

Network Security Engineer
Cyber Security Analyst
Security consultant
Network security administrator
system admin
system architect
Ethical Hacker

How do you go about pursuing Ethical Hacking as a career?
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to becoming an ethical hacker. However, having a degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, Mathematics, or a related field can help you start a career in ethical hacking.

Training programs such as CEHCISCOCCNA, Certified Security Engineer, Penetration Testing Engineer, and others can help you gain all of the necessary skills and information all at once.
Just keep in mind it will be easier to learn the above abilities if you have a bachelor's degree in computer science and mathematics.

Certification isn't required if you want to work as a bug bounty hunter or a freelance security specialist, but it doesn't hurt.

If you want to get a job, you should first check with the company you wish to work for. Various businesses adhere to various criteria. Some may not require any certification, while others may function with C|EH and require more reputable certificates.

Drop your views on ethical hacking in the comments.